International Development
Center of Japan

SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT

Selected Projects

Education

The Project for Strengthening Education for Children with Special Needs through Inclusive Education Approach in Sri Lanka (Client: JICA)

The Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) enacted the National Policy on Disability in 2003, which has promoted equal participation and inclusion in the society, including access to education. Following the same trajectory, the Ministry of Education has made efforts to improve access to education of children with special needs (SEN (Special educational needs) Children) through its Sector Development Framework and Programmes. Consequently, Sri Lanka’s achievement in securing an inclusive educational environment of SEN Children has been commendable.

Special Education Units have been placed at regular schools to enhance learning of SEN Children for future inclusion in regular classes. Many children with severe disabilities, however, still have limited access to schools. Some of those who are out of school are taken care of at welfare facilities. To attain equitable education for all, it is required to accept those SEN Children and the children at special education units in regular classes. Therefore, the capacity of schools and teachers to provide them with quality education should be enhanced.

Under such circumstances, the Project seeks a feasible inclusive education approach in line with the Sri Lankan context by establishing a functional system for promoting enrollment of SEN Children as well as developing the capacity of teachers. Materials and guidelines developed and good practices collected during the Project are stored in a database for a referral to disseminate the inclusive education approach all over the country. For the purpose, Colombo district in Western Province and Kurunegala district in North Western Province are targeted.

Mutual learning in a classroom

Project for Gender Responsive Actions to Ensure Retention through Community Engagement and School Practices (GRACE), Pakistan (Client: JICA)

Project for Strengthening Practice of Inclusive Education in Preschool Education, Uzbekistan (Client: JICA)

The Project for Enhancement and Dissemination of Tokkatsu Models, Egypt (Client: JICA)

Project for Improving Quality of Mathematics and Science Education in Palestine (PIQMAS) – Core Activity Implementation Phase (Client: JICA)

Study on Equity and Quality Improvement in Education in Senegal (Client: JICA)

JICA Study of International Cooperation in Education for the Post-COVID Era (Client: JICA)

Project for Curriculum Reform at Primary Level of Basic Education in Myanmar (Client: JICA)

The Project for Strengthening DAE (Diploma of Associate Engineering) in Mechanical Technology at Government College of Technology in Punjab Province in Pakistan (Client: JICA)

Support to Viet Nam Academy of Social Sciences (Client: ADB)

Health

Rural Health Development through Strengthening Basic Health Services (Client: JICA)

Despite some progress in recent years, the health sector in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar continues to face maternal and child health (MCH) challenges. Its maternal mortality ratio (MMR) remained high at 282 per 100,000 live births and under-five mortality rate (U5MR) at 72 per 1,000 live births in 2014 (2014 National Census).  In addition to the existing issues of MCH and infectious diseases, the concerns over the increase of life-style related diseases such as non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are rising, resulting in the double burden of the disease structure.  In addressing these challenges, it is necessary to strengthen basic health services at the primary healthcare level.  Increasing attention is now placed on delivering a continuum of care for people throughout life course regardless of age, moving beyond the disease-specific approach towards the life course approach for realization of life-long health for all people.

In Myanmar, Rural Health Centers (RHC) and Sub-Rural Health Centers (SRHC) are the forefront health facilities which provide basic health services at the primary healthcare level.  The challenges pertaining to Myanmar’s primary healthcare provision include a lack of personnel at RHCs and SRHCs, limited quality of health services, and weak emergency referral systems to higher-level health facilities.  On the service user’s side, there are challenges such as limited access to health facilities due to economic reasons and road conditions, limited health knowledge, and lack of trust towards health personnel, resulting in the low utilization of health services.

This project aims to strengthen the capacity of management and delivery of basic health services below the township level and promote deliveries assisted by skilled birth attendants, institutional deliveries, newborn care, and screening of hypertension and diabetes.  The project is also intended to promote community engagement in health activities through strengthening community-based volunteers, supporting the development of community action plans, and introducing community support systems for emergency transportation. These achievements will be documented as a contribution to the policy of the Ministry of Health towards Universal Health Coverage.

A workshop with basic health service staff in a township

Study on Project for Upgrading Quality of Health Services of Selected Provincial Hospitals in the Kingdom of Cambodia (Client: JICA)

Project for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases in Tamil Nadu, India (Client: JICA)

Study on Health Sector Policies to Promote Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for Women, Children and the Poor in Côte d’Ivoire (Client: JICA)

The Project to Promote Hospital Digitalization in Image Diagnosis in Cuba (Client: JICA)

Project for Strengthening the Capacity to Plan and Implement Digital Health Project (Client: JICA)

Study on IFNA (Initiative for Food and Nutrition Security in Africa) (Client: JICA)

Study on Facilitation for ICSA and Training Course of IFNA (Client: JICA)

Study on Universal Health Coverage in Myanmar (Client: JICA)

Project for Development of Social Health Insurance for the Informal Sector in the Kingdom of Cambodia (Client: JICA)

Nutrition Survey in Indonesia 2018 (Client: A major food processing company)

Project for Enhancement of Non-Communicable Diseases Management in the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Client: JICA)

Study on Food and Nutrition (Client: JICA)

Social Security

Support for Social Security Global Promotion (Client: A major private company)

Enhancing ADB’s Support for Social Protection to Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals – Social Protection Officer (Client: ADB)

AREAS OF ACTIVITIES